~ ~



{JQ~,;¡..-.ninn úa11ne.J1ot lt111

A1.lti Slttl!&af ti”~ (h11f
























Convention on the Conservation of Wildlife and their Natural Habitats


in the Countries of the Gul f Cooperation Council







































































Convention on the Conservation


of Wildlife and thair Natural Habitats in the Countries of the Gulf Co-operation Council










The Convention is the first legal instrument binding the six member States of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to coordinate their activities toward the conservation of wildlife and natural habitats.



This Convention, which was signed on 30 December 2001 in Muscat, came into force in April 2003. The Convention consists of thirteen Articles and three Appendices broadly dealing with Conservation of biodiversity and the natural environment within the member States through a number of agreed measures. The national conservation agencies in each of the Contracting Parties serve as the national focal points for the implementation of the convention. The (GCC) Secretariat serves as the Depository of the Convention. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia provides the Convention’s Secretariat.



The reader’s attention is drawn to the fact that the English version of this text is not official. Only the Arabic version of the Convention has an official character.












Convention Secretary General

Mohammed Al-Toraif








































































Convention on the Conservation



The member states of the Gulf Co-operation Council, Believing in the common destiny and the unity of goal, which combine their peoples, and seeking to realize co-operation, integration and communication among their citizens to bolster the efforts being made in all spheres to realize aspirations towards a prosperous future,


Recognizing that wildlife, of all types, constitutes a basis for a conserving rural human prosperity and long-term economic development, in addition to its major importance as heritage for the Arab Nations, being a custodian of these resources which Almighty Allah has entrusted it with in order to preserve for the sake of future generations,


Conscious of that many species of wildlife of all forms and their natural habitats are facing a serious threat or alarm of being destroyed through improper exploitation and various human activities, which lead to the degradation of the natural habitats of wildlife,


Mindful of the necessity that conservation of all forms of wildlife, should be taken into consideration in the strategies and objectives of national planning


And in pursuance of the Seventh Principle of the General Policies and Principles for the Protection of Environment and Common Environmental Action in the Gulf Co-operation Council States,


Have agreed as follows:



Article (1)

General Provisions



1) Definitions

The following terms and expressions shall have the meanings assigned opposite each:



Co-operation Council: means the Arabian Gulf Countries Co-operation Council, which includes as members: the United Arab Emirates, the State of Bahrain, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Sultanate of Oman, the State of Qatar and the State of Kuwait.


Supreme Council: means the Supreme Council of the Gulf Co-operation Council.


Ministers:    mean ministers responsible for environmental affairs in the member of the States of the Gulf Co-operation Council.

General Secretariat: means the General Secretariat of the Co-operation Council. Secretary General: means the Secretary General of the Co-operation Council. Convention: means convention on the conservation of wildlife and their natural

habitats in the countries of the Gulf Co-operation Council.


Permanent Committee: means the Committee concerned with following-up implementation of the Convention.

Environmental Co- ordination Committee:


means the Environmental Co-ordination Committee in the

Council States.

Secretariat: means the Secretariat of the Convention.


Wildlife: means all species of living organisms, including plants, animals, bacteria and fungi, in or outside their natural habitats.


Conservation:    means a set of rules, regulations and measures which ensure the protection of wildlife and its species, products and their sustainable utilizations and rehabilitating it and its natural habitats which have deteriorated as a result of human or natural factors.


Trading: includes import, export, sale, offer, barter and exchange.


Natural Habitat: means the entire habitats and what they contain in the form of communities.


Ecosystem:    means all the habitats and what they contain in the form of communities and associations of living species, including plants, animals and other living organisms interacting with each other and with their surroundings as an integrated system.


Biodiversity:    means all forms of life on earth. It includes all form of wildlife, of different genetic types and all ecosystems.


Products: mean any natural or manufactured parts taken from a wild organism.



2) Objective



The objective of this Convention is to conserve the ecosystems and wildlife in a sound and growing state, particularly the species threatened with extinction, and specifically when the distribution of such species exceeds the international border of two neighbouring countries or more, or when such species migrate across these countries, including the territorial waters or the airspace under their sovereignty.


3) The countries which are parties to this Convention undertake to develop and implement policies and activities for the purpose of conserving wildlife and its natural habitats and rehabilitating it and ensuring sustainable exploitation thereof, through:



a) enacting, implementing and developing suitable legislation, laws and regulations;


b) protecting and managing adequate areas of habitats suitable for wildlife as sanctuaries, whether natural or otherwise, in accordance with international standards and national legislation;


c) protecting wildlife and its habitats against all threats, such as pollution and environmental deterioration, and taking appropriate measures to combat such threats and control them, once they occur, in order to mitigate their effects;


d) stipulating that environmental impact assessment studies are carried out for all development projects before such projects are implemented, and creating a mechanism to follow up the implementation of the ratified environmental standards and requirements in each state;


e) paying attention to environmental education to spread awareness of the importance of conserving wildlife and its natural habitats and its social, economic and environmental dimensions, particularly on primary, intermediate and secondary educational levels;

f) seeking to spread awareness of the importance of conserving wildlife and its natural habitats by using different news media; and


g) co-operating in research, exchange of expertise and training of specialist personnel and finding solutions to the common problems related to the management of natural resources.



Article 2

Protection of Natural Habitats



Each party to this Convention shall:



1. Enact the necessary legislative laws to ensure conservation, and where necessary, rehabilitation and sound management of enough areas of natural habitats suitable for wildlife, particularly the species (or sub-species which are geographically isolated) or endemic species in any state that is party to this Convention.

2. Give priority to verification that the natural habitats being conserved are managed in a way that safeguards the realization of the objective of such conservation. This shall include the following:

a) Banning or restricting human activities which lead to the: (i) distortion of the nature of such habitats;

(ii) pollution or poisoning them or;

(iii) deterioration, or threatening with deterioration, of the biodiversity of such habitats or their environmental productivity.


b) Adopting appropriate measures to restore the biodiversity and productivity of the habitats which have been subjected to deterioration.

3. Co-ordinate and exert efforts, with other parties, to conserve the natural habitats in a proper way, particularly when:

a) Such conservation is on a common border area.


b) These habitats are important for the migratory species included in Appendix (II) and

Appendix (III) of this Convention.




Article 3

Protection of Wildlife Species



1. Each party to this Convention shall enact the necessary legislation to conserve the species of wildlife included in the three appendices attached to this Convention, as follows:

A) Flora species included in Appendix (I).

(i) conserving such species, wherever they exist in natural habitats or whenever it is necessary to re-distribute them; and

(ii) banning or regulating the uprooting or felling any parts thereof or collecting their seeds except save for authorized scientific or research purposes.

B) The fauna species included in Appendix (II):

(i) conserving such species, wherever they exist in natural habitats or whenever it is necessary to settle them; and

(ii) banning all forms of hunting or deliberate killing, destruction or collecting of eggs or causing their disturbance, particularly during seasons of propagation and breeding of their young.


C) The fauna species included in Appendix (III):

Verifying that any exploitation of such species is done in a rationalized way ensuring that the survival or existence of any of such species in nature is not threatened, by adopting appropriate measures, such as:

(i) banning hunting or designating seasons when hunting is allowed, and introducing systems ensuring the rationalization of the levels of such exploitation; and

(ii) banning and/or regulating the exploitation of such groups for the purpose of affording the opportunity to them to recover their numbers in a satisfactory manner.



2. Each party to this Convention shall adopt all the necessary legislative and administrative measures in order to:

A)    Register all the species included in Appendix (I), Appendix (II) and Appendix (III), which are allowed to be owned in a legitimate way.


B)    Regulate the method of breeding such species and enhance their breading in captivity.


C) Ban or regulate the release of such species to the wild.


D)    Ban or regulate all forms of trading, locally, regionally or internationally, in the species included in Appendix (I), Appendix (II) and Appendix (III) or in their products or parts.



3. Ban the owning of the animals species included in Appendix (III) or killing them, by any means, which may lead to their extinction, or through the use of any of the permitted tools without obtaining a permit specifying the conditions whereby their ownership is regulated or specifying such tool. Such permits and licenses shall be issued by the concerned authorities in the states which are parties to the Convention.

4. The party states shall, in addition to the measures provided for in this Convention, co- ordinate their efforts to conserve the migratory populations from those included under Appendix (II) and Appendix (III).



Article 4

Restrictive Measures



1. Each party to this Convention may adopt restrictive measures on a national level in order to regulate the trading in any wildlife species or in its products or parts, from those included under Appendix (I), Appendix (II) or Appendix (III), where such species is resident of the land of such state or of its territorial waters or migrating across them in an ordinary way or to regulate the use of any of species included in Appendix (III).

2. Each party to this Convention shall notify the Permanent Committee of any restrictive local taken measures of this type taken, as well as of any species provided with full protection on its territories other than the species included in Appendix (II) and Appendix (III) on the land of the country.

Article 5

Supplementary Provisions



To implement the provisions of this Convention, each party shall:



1. Co-operate with the party states, particularly when this would lead to enhancing the efficiency of the measures taken in pursuance of the provisions of this Convention.

2. Encourage and co-ordinate research and exchange information and expertise which would serve the objectives of this Convention particularly in relation to the programmes of propagating the species in captivity and re-introducing them in their natural habitats.

3. Co-ordinate and integrate efforts and exchange information in respect of the movement of

the reintroduce species across the borders to the land of another state.

4. Seek to utilize modern technologies in the exchange of information and networking among the concerned institutions in the party states to facilitate the exchange of information about the Convention and its implementation.



Article 6

Permasnent Committee



1. Under this Convention, there shall be established a committee under the name “Permanent Committee for the Conservation of Wildlife and its Natural Habitats in the Gulf Co-operation Council States.”

2. The Permanent Committee shall consist of representatives from all the GCC states,

provided that the level of representation on it shall not be less than a director.

3. The assignment Permanent Committee is to enforce implementing put the principles and objectives specified in this Convention. For this end, the Committee’s responsibilities and powers shall be as follows:

a. Follow up implementation.


b.    Facilitate conducting intensive research and studies on natural habitats of the species and their distribution areas and normal movements in such areas.


c.    Collect information and prepare periodical country reports about the situation, numbers and distribution of wildlife species and any changes occurring thereto, and factors affecting them.


d. Analyze and disseminate the information referred to under paragraphs (b) and (c)



e.    Determine the requirements of wildlife conservation for the species and evaluate the effectiveness of the conservation measures approved by the parties in implementation of this Convention.

f.    Applying, adopt and revise conservation measures by using the best available scientific evidence which include the following:

(i) designating certain areas as protected areas to conserve biodiversity and rehabilitate it;

(ii) determining the start and end of hunting seasons;

(iii) regulating hunting methods so as to avoid intensive hunting in any area or region or of one species or certain species;

(iv) regulating grazing activities and specifying its areas and dates; and

(v) taking other conservation measures which the Permanent Committee deems fit to realize the objectives of this Convention, including drawing up plans and programmes to prevent the negative impacts resulting from development projects in areas of the natural distribution of wild plants and animals specified in the appendices attached to this Convention.


g.    Check periodically the appendices attached to this Convention and suggest amendments there to upon the request of any state of the party states, provided that the appendices and the amendments are approved by the Environmental Co- ordination Committee.


h. Reviewing the measures taken by the party states in pursuance of Paragraph (2) of

Article 4 of this convention.


i. Preparing the proposed budget for the Convention.


j.    Propose to the Permanent Committee’s draft by-laws and financial and administrative regulations and approved by the Ministers.


k.    Seek to facilitate amicable settlement of any dispute arising between the parties in the course of implementing this Convention, in accordance of Article 9 of this Convention.



4. The Permanent Committee shall convene at least twice per year. However, it may convene other meetings, ordinary or extraordinary, on the request of one of the party states, to be seconded by another country. The General Secretariat of the Co-operation Council shall call for convening the Committee’s first meeting within no more than three months from the date this Agreement comes into force.

5. The Permanent Committee may form specialist sub-committees or task forces, whether on a permanent or temporary basis, as necessary, to carry out its functions in an proper way.

6. The party states to the Convention shall implement the conservation measures recommended by the Permanent Committee, and approved by the Ministers in pursuance of the provisions of the Articles of this Convention, as follows:

7. The Permanent Committee shall notify all the party states of the conservation measures.

8. The conservation measures shall become binding upon all party states upon the expiry of sixty days after the notification date.

9. The Permanent Committee shall assess the implementation of the Convention upon the expiry of three years after the date the Convention comes into force, and at least every six years thereafter.


Article 7




By virtue of this Convention, a Secretariat shall be established, to carry out the following




1. Preparation and arrangement for the Permanent Committee’s meetings in co-ordination

with the General Secretariat.

2. Preparation of reports about the activities assigned to it in implementation of its functions by virtue of this Convention and submitting them to the Permanent Committee.

3. Co-ordination with the institutions concerned with conserving wildlife in the Co-operation

Council states and with similar organizations and regional and international conventions.

4. Co-ordinating the exchange of information and data among the party states to the

Convention and notifying the competent authorities of them.

5. Any other functions that may be entrusted to it.



Article 8

Amendments to the Convention



Each party to this Convention may propose making any amendments to any of the Articles of the Convention and submit an application to this effect to the Depository, which shall submit such amendments to the Ministers for approval. Amendments shall be governed by the same provisions related to the entry into force and those set forth under Paragraph (2) of Article 10 of this Convention.


Article 9

Settlement of Disputes



The Permanent Committee shall make best efforts to facilitate the amicable settlement of any dispute that may arise in the course of implementing this Convention. If such dispute becomes impossible to settle or resolve through direct negotiations between the concerned parties, the Committee shall submit it to the Ministers.



Article 10

Entry into Force



1. This Convention shall be approved by the Supreme Council and ratified by the member

states in accordance with their constitutional processes.

2. The Convention shall enter into force upon the expiry of ninety days after the ratification of

four Gulf Co-operation Council states.



Article 11




1. Any state may, on depositing the instrument of ratification of this Convention, express one reservation, or more, about the species specified in Appendix (I), Appendix (II) and Appendix (III) or in connection with the measures and method of killing, catching or exploitation of one or more species from those specified in this Convention.

2. Any party state to this Convention may withdraw any reservation at any time by notifying the Secretary General in writing, and such reservation shall stand null and void after the expiry of thirty days from the date of notification.














t t



Crossandra wissmani يئامزياولا اردـناسوركلا


Ecbolium gymnostackyum


Monechma debile


Ruellia grandiflora )ةبرعم( راهزلأا ةريبك ةيليور




Dracaena serrulata ةيراشنلما ةينينتلا Dracaena serrulata ةيراشنلما نيوخلأا مد Dracaena serrulata ةيراشنلما يننتلا ةرجش Sansevieria forskaliana ةيلاكشروفلا ةيريفسنسلا Sansevieria abyssinice ةيشبلحا ةيريفسنسلا Sansevieria ehrenbergii ةينايجربنرهلاا ةيريفسنسلا Sansevieria ehrenbergii )نميلا( بلذ



Crinum album ضيبأ فرس Crinum album ضيبأ نويبرقا Crinum album ضيبأ ةيفنرت Crinum yemense ينيم فرس Crinum yemense ينيم نويبرقأ Crinum yemense ينيم ةيفنرت Pancratium maximum ريبك فرس Pancratium maximum ريبك ديرب Scadoxus multiflorus راهزلأا ددعتم سكوواطسب Pancratium tenuifolium قرولا قيقر فرس



Caralluma spp ةعجضلا سنج عاونأ Ceropegia spp ةيلكلا ةعارد سنج عاونأ Ceropegia tehamana ةيماهتلا ةيلكلا ةعارد

Duvalia sulcata


Duvalia velutina

Huemia spp دبكلا عجو مأ سنج عاونأ Huemia spp خيشلا تابن سنج عاونأ Rhytidocaulon macrolobum

Rhytidocaulon sheilae




Commiphora erythraea لفق Commiphora erythraea ماشب Commiphora erythraea ناسلب Commiphora sp لفقلا عاونأ دحأ Commiphora sp ماشبلا عاونأ دحأ Commiphora sp ناسلبلا عاونأ دحأ



Kleina pendula ةيعاعشلا بضلا ةرجش


Anvillea radiata




Merremia tridentata نانسلأا ةيثلاث ةييمرلما




Diospyros mespilliformis سونبآ




Erica arborea جنلخ Erica arborea نربنيلا Erica arborea ةنتنلما ةربنيلا



Euphorbia ammak قمع


Euphorbia parciramulosa


Euphorbia fractiflexa




Hypericum revolutum ينويلوفرلا موتكريباهلا




Sabaea sp ةيبص سنج عاونأ دحأ

Sivertia sp ايتريفس سنج عاونأ دحأ




Globularia arabica يبرع مونغ


Globularia arabica يبرع ةحيرس




Gladiolus daeenii ينيلاد ثوبلد


Oenostachys abyssinica


Iris albicans ضيبأ نسوس Iris postii يتسوب نسوس Iris postii فيفر



Globularia arabica يبرع مونغ


Globularia arabica يبرع ةحيرس




Plectranthus sp موتناوتكلب عاونأ دحأ Stachys sp ةيجيلثلا عاونأ دحأ Sachys sp راقلا عاونأ دحأ Ajuga arbica يبرعلا اقوجلأا



Acacia laeta )ايروس( طنس Cicer cuneatum يتانويكلا صملحا Acacia seyal لايس



Albuca abyssinica ةيبص ةولأ Aloe sabaea ةيبص ربص Aloe sabaea ةيبص رقم Aloe sabaea ةيبص ريقم

Aloe sabaea


Aloe rubroviilacea


Tulipa biflora راهزلأا يئانث قبنز

Tulipa biflora راهزلأا يئانث بيلوتلا


Tulipa biflora راهزلأا يئانث ىمازخ




Dorstenia foetida ةنتنلا انيتسورودلا




Myrica salicifolia قرولا ةيفاصفص اكريلما




Eulophia petersii رتيب ايفولويا Eulophia speciosa ةيعون ايفولويا Holothrix arachnoidea يدنيوخرأ سكرتولوه



Adenia venenata )نميلا( نذع


Adenia venenata )نميلا( نيذع




Delphinium sheilae يليشلا قئاعلا


Delphinium sheilae يليشلا نوينيفلدلا




Cratageus sinaica يئانيسلا رورعزلا




Teclea nobilis )نميلا( يمرذ Teclea nobilis )نميلا( مرذ Teclea nobilis )نميلا( مرذ



Oxyris abyssinica )نميلا( يشبح قثأ


Oxyris abyssinica ةيشبح ىقلغ




Mimusops laurifolia قرولا يراق خبل


Mimusops bruguieri




Glossostemon bruguieri يروغورب ثاغم



Daphne linearifolia قارولأا يطيرش راغلا


Daphne mucronata فرطلا قدتسم راغلا




Ferula sp خلكلا عاونأ دحأ Ferula sp تيتللحا عاونأ دحأ Ferula sp ةنقلا عاونأ دحأ



Xerophyta arabica يبرعلا اتيافوريزلا





















A) Mammals


تاـييدثلا )أ


Canis Iupus


Arabian Wolf

يبرعلا بئذلا


Canis aureus


Asiatic Jackal

يويسلآا ىوآ نبا


Vulpes rueppelli


Sand Fox

لامرلا بلعث


Vulpes cana


Blanford’s Fox

رخصلا بلعث


Vulpus zerda



كنفلا بلعث


Mellivora capensis


Honey Badger

نابرظلا ،لسعلا ريريغ


Vormela peregusna


Marbled Polecat

عقبلما سمنلا


Herpestes edwardsi


Indian Grey Mongoose

يدنهلا يدامرلا سمنلا


Genetta felina


European Genet

يبورولأا حابرلا


Ichneumia albicauda


White-tailed Mongoose

ليذلا ضيبأ سمنلا


Hyaena hyana


Striped Hyaena

ططلمخا عبضلا


Felis silvestris


Wild Cat

يربلا طقلا


Felis margarita


Sand Cat

لامرلا طقلا


Felis caracal


Caracal Lynx



Panthera pardus


Arabian Leopard

يبرعلا رمنلا


Acinonyx jubatus


Asiatic Cheetah

يويسلآا دهفلا


Oryx leucoryx


Arabian Oryx

يبرعلا اهلما


Gazella gazella


Mountain gazelle (Idmi)

)ىمدا( لابلجا لازغ


Gazella saudiya


Saudi Gazelle (Afri)

)ىرفع( يدوعسلا لازغلا


Gazella subgutturosa


Sand Gazelle (Reem)

)يمرلا( لامرلا لازغ


Ovis ammon


Wild Sheep

يربلا نأضلا


Capra ibex


Nubian ibex

يبونلا لعولا


Capra aegagrus


Wild goat

يربلا زعالما


Hemitragus jayakari


Arabian Tahr

يبرعلا رهطلا


Dugong dugon



)رحبلا سورع( موطلأا




B) Birds


Pernis apivorus


Elanus caerulus




Honey Buzzard


Black-Shouldered Kite

روـيطلا )ب


لحنلا رقص فتكلا ءادوس ةأدلحا

Milvus migrans


Haliaetus leucoryphus


Ardeotis arabs


Black Kite


Palla’s Fish Eagle


Arabian Bustard

ءادوسلا ةأدلحا كمسلا باقع

ةيبرعلا يرابلحا




C) Reptiles & Amphibians Mauremy caspica Rana ridibunda




Caspian Terrapin


Marsh Frog

تايئامربلاو فحاوزلا )ج


ةبذعلا هايلما ةافحلس تاعقنتسلما عدفض


A) Mammals


تاـييدثلا ) أ


Vulpes vulpes


Red fox

رمحلأا بلعثلا


Hystrix indica


Indian porcupine

يدنهلا صينلا


Procavia capansis


Rock hyrax

يرخصلا ربولا


Lepus capensis



يربلا بنرلأا




B) Birds


Burhinus oedicnemus Alectoris melanocephala Alectoris philbyi Alectoris chukar Ammoperdix heyi


griseogularis Coturnix coturnix Pterocles senegalus Pterocles coronatus


Pterocles lichtensteinii Pterocles alchata Pterocles exustus

Falco concolor Falcocherrug Falco biarmicus Falcoperegrinus




Gypaetus barbatus



Neophron perenopterus


Gyps fulvus


Gyps rueppellii




Stone carlew


Red legged partridge


Philbys Rock partridge


Chukar partridge


Sand partridge



See-see partridge





Spotted sandgrouse


Crowned sandgrouse


Lichtensteins sandgrouse


Pin tailed sandgrouse


Chestnut bellied sandgrouse


Sooty falcon Saker falcon Lanner falcon Peregrine falcon Barbary

Lammergeyer (Bearded

Vulture) Egyptian Griffon vulture

Ruppells vulture

روـيطلا )ب


يوارحصلا ناوركلا قاسلا رمحأ لجلحا يبليف لجح

سأرلا يدامرلا لجلحا لامرلا لجح





)ىولسلا( نامسلا ةطقرلما اطقلا ةجوتلما اطقلا


ةططلمخا اطقلا يقارعلا اطقلا

نطبلا ةيئانتسك اطقلا بورغلا رقص

لازغلا رقص


)رلحا( رمحلأا رقصلا ينهاشلا رقص

)يركولا( يبرغلما ينهاشلا


يحتللما رسنلا


)ةيرصلما ةمخرلا( يرصلما رسنلا رمسلأا رسنلا عقبلأا رسنلا



Torgos tracheliotus


Lappet faced Vulture

)نوذلأا رسنلا( ثعشلأا رسنلا


Aegypius monachus


Black Vulture

دوسلأا رسنلا


Circaetus gallicus


Short-toed Eagle

عباصلأا ريصق باقعلا


Terathopius ecaudatus



)رولتب( رقص


Circus aeruginosus


Marsh Harrier

تاعقنتسلما رقص


Circus cyaneus


Hen Harrier

)جاجدلا ةزرم( يدامرلا ماولحا


Circus macrourus


Pallid Harrier

بحاشلا باولحا


Circus pygargus


Montagus Harrier

قاسلا طقرم يدامرلا ماولحا


Melierax metabates


Chanting goshawk

درغلما زابلا


Micronisus gabar


Gabar goshawk

راباج زاب


Accipiter badius



)ةركيش زاب( ريغص زاب


Accipiter gentiles



ريبكلا زابلا


Accipiter nisus



قشابلا رقصلا


Accipiter brevipes


Levant Sparrowhawk

يقرشلا ريفاصعلا قشاب


Buteo buteo



ماولحا رقصلا


Buteo rufinus


Long-legged Buzzard

قاسلا ليوط رقصلا


Aquila clanga


Spotted Eagle

طقرلما باقعلا


Aquila rapax


Steppe Eagle

بوهسلا باقع


Aquila heliaca


Imperial Eagle

يروطاربملاا باقعلا


Aquila chrysaetos


Golden Eagle

يبهذلا باقعلا


Aquila verraeuxii


Verreauxs Eagle

دوسلأاو ضيبلأا باقعلا


Hieraaetus pennatus


Booted Eagle

لاورسلا وذ باقعلا


Hieraaetus fasciatus


Bonellis Eagle

افقلا ضيبأ باقع


Hieraaetus albica


White tailed Eagle

ليذلا ضيبأ باقع


Pandion haliaetus



يراسنلا باقعلا


Falco tinnuncullus





Numida meleagris


Helmeted (Tufted) Guineafowl


يشبلحا جاجدلا


Chalmydotis undulta


Houbara Bustard



Otis tarda


Great Bustard

ةريبكلا يرابلحا




Otus brucei


Striated Scobs Owl

ةملقلما ةريغصلا موبلا


Otus scops


Scobs Owl

ءانذأ ةموب


Otus senegalensis


Spotted Scobs Owl

ةيقيرفلأا ءانذأ ةموب


Bubo bubo


Spotted Eagle Owl

ةيراسنلا موبلا


Bubo africanus


Spotted Eagle Owl

ةطقرلما ةيراسنلا موبلا


Athene noctua


Little Owl

ةريغصلا موبلا


Strix butleri


Humes Tawny Owl

رلتب موب


Asio otus


Long-eared Owl

نذلأا ليوط موبلا


Asi flammeus


Shott-earned Owl

نذلأا ريصق موبلا


Grus grus





Anthropoides virgo


Demoiselle crane

يدامرلا وهرلا


Pelecanus onocrotalus


White pelican

ضيبلأا عجبلا


Pelecanus rufescens


Pink backed pelican

رهظلا يدرو عجبلا


Ardea cinerea


Grey heron

يدامرلا نوشلبلا


Ardea purpurea


Purple heron

يناوجرلأا نوشلبلا


Ardea goliath


Goliath heron

رابلجا نوشلبلا


Ardeola rolloides


Squacco heron

ريغصلا ضيبلأا نوشلبلا


Nycticorax nycticorax


Night heron

يليللا نوشلبلا


Ixobrychus minutus


Little bittern

ريغصلا قاولا


Botaurus stellaris





Egretta alba


Great white egret

ريبكلا ضيبلأا نيزلحا كلام


Egretta garzetta


Little bittern

ريغصلا نيزلحا كلام


Egretta gularis


Reef heron

يرخصلا نيزلحا كلام


Bubulcus ibis


Cattle egret

رقبلا نوشلب


Platalea leucordia



ةقعلم وبأ


Plegadis falcinellus


Glossy ibis

عملالا لجنم وبأ


Geronticus eremita


Bald ibis

لجنم وبأ


Threskioruis aethiopicus


Ciconia ciconia


Sacred ibis



White stork


سدقلما لجنم وبأ ضيبلأا قلقللا


Ciconia nigra


Black stork

دوسلأا قلقللا


Phoenicopterus rubber





Larus leucophthalmus


White eyed gull

ينعلا ضيبأ سرونلا


Merops apiaster



)لحنلا لكآ( راورولا


Coracias garrulus





Glariola pratincola


Collared pratincole

قوطم رسيلا وبأ


Glariola nordmanni


Black winged pratincole

حانلجا دوسأ رسيلا وبأ



C) Reptiles


فـحاوزلا )ج


Uromastyx aegyptius


Egyptian spiny-tailed lizard


يرصلما بضلا


Pelomedusa subrufa


Side neck turtle

قنعلا ةيبناج ةافحلس


Eretmochelys imbricata


Hawksbill turtle

رقصلا راقنم ةافحلس


Chelonia mydas


Green turtle

ءارضخ ةافحلس










































































Design by:


Ghada Al-Bakr , Maram Al-gummah , Muneera Al-Shybani

Appendix (III)


Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf 33