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Convention on the Conservation of Wildlife and their Natural Habitats

 

in the Countries of the Gul f Cooperation Council

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convention on the Conservation

 

of Wildlife and thair Natural Habitats in the Countries of the Gulf Co-operation Council

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

 

 

The Convention is the first legal instrument binding the six member States of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to coordinate their activities toward the conservation of wildlife and natural habitats.

 

 

This Convention, which was signed on 30 December 2001 in Muscat, came into force in April 2003. The Convention consists of thirteen Articles and three Appendices broadly dealing with Conservation of biodiversity and the natural environment within the member States through a number of agreed measures. The national conservation agencies in each of the Contracting Parties serve as the national focal points for the implementation of the convention. The (GCC) Secretariat serves as the Depository of the Convention. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia provides the Convention’s Secretariat.

 

 

The reader’s attention is drawn to the fact that the English version of this text is not official. Only the Arabic version of the Convention has an official character.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convention Secretary General

Mohammed Al-Toraif

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convention on the Conservation

Preamble

 

The member states of the Gulf Co-operation Council, Believing in the common destiny and the unity of goal, which combine their peoples, and seeking to realize co-operation, integration and communication among their citizens to bolster the efforts being made in all spheres to realize aspirations towards a prosperous future,

 

Recognizing that wildlife, of all types, constitutes a basis for a conserving rural human prosperity and long-term economic development, in addition to its major importance as heritage for the Arab Nations, being a custodian of these resources which Almighty Allah has entrusted it with in order to preserve for the sake of future generations,

 

Conscious of that many species of wildlife of all forms and their natural habitats are facing a serious threat or alarm of being destroyed through improper exploitation and various human activities, which lead to the degradation of the natural habitats of wildlife,

 

Mindful of the necessity that conservation of all forms of wildlife, should be taken into consideration in the strategies and objectives of national planning

 

And in pursuance of the Seventh Principle of the General Policies and Principles for the Protection of Environment and Common Environmental Action in the Gulf Co-operation Council States,

 

Have agreed as follows:

 

 

Article (1)

General Provisions

 

 

1) Definitions

The following terms and expressions shall have the meanings assigned opposite each:

 

 

Co-operation Council: means the Arabian Gulf Countries Co-operation Council, which includes as members: the United Arab Emirates, the State of Bahrain, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Sultanate of Oman, the State of Qatar and the State of Kuwait.

 

Supreme Council: means the Supreme Council of the Gulf Co-operation Council.

 

Ministers:    mean ministers responsible for environmental affairs in the member of the States of the Gulf Co-operation Council.

General Secretariat: means the General Secretariat of the Co-operation Council. Secretary General: means the Secretary General of the Co-operation Council. Convention: means convention on the conservation of wildlife and their natural

habitats in the countries of the Gulf Co-operation Council.

 

Permanent Committee: means the Committee concerned with following-up implementation of the Convention.


Environmental Co- ordination Committee:

 

means the Environmental Co-ordination Committee in the

Council States.

Secretariat: means the Secretariat of the Convention.

 

Wildlife: means all species of living organisms, including plants, animals, bacteria and fungi, in or outside their natural habitats.

 

Conservation:    means a set of rules, regulations and measures which ensure the protection of wildlife and its species, products and their sustainable utilizations and rehabilitating it and its natural habitats which have deteriorated as a result of human or natural factors.

 

Trading: includes import, export, sale, offer, barter and exchange.

 

Natural Habitat: means the entire habitats and what they contain in the form of communities.

 

Ecosystem:    means all the habitats and what they contain in the form of communities and associations of living species, including plants, animals and other living organisms interacting with each other and with their surroundings as an integrated system.

 

Biodiversity:    means all forms of life on earth. It includes all form of wildlife, of different genetic types and all ecosystems.

 

Products: mean any natural or manufactured parts taken from a wild organism.

 

 

2) Objective

 

 

The objective of this Convention is to conserve the ecosystems and wildlife in a sound and growing state, particularly the species threatened with extinction, and specifically when the distribution of such species exceeds the international border of two neighbouring countries or more, or when such species migrate across these countries, including the territorial waters or the airspace under their sovereignty.

 

3) The countries which are parties to this Convention undertake to develop and implement policies and activities for the purpose of conserving wildlife and its natural habitats and rehabilitating it and ensuring sustainable exploitation thereof, through:

 

 

a) enacting, implementing and developing suitable legislation, laws and regulations;

 

b) protecting and managing adequate areas of habitats suitable for wildlife as sanctuaries, whether natural or otherwise, in accordance with international standards and national legislation;

 

c) protecting wildlife and its habitats against all threats, such as pollution and environmental deterioration, and taking appropriate measures to combat such threats and control them, once they occur, in order to mitigate their effects;

 

d) stipulating that environmental impact assessment studies are carried out for all development projects before such projects are implemented, and creating a mechanism to follow up the implementation of the ratified environmental standards and requirements in each state;

 

e) paying attention to environmental education to spread awareness of the importance of conserving wildlife and its natural habitats and its social, economic and environmental dimensions, particularly on primary, intermediate and secondary educational levels;

f) seeking to spread awareness of the importance of conserving wildlife and its natural habitats by using different news media; and

 

g) co-operating in research, exchange of expertise and training of specialist personnel and finding solutions to the common problems related to the management of natural resources.

 

 

Article 2

Protection of Natural Habitats

 

 

Each party to this Convention shall:

 

 

1. Enact the necessary legislative laws to ensure conservation, and where necessary, rehabilitation and sound management of enough areas of natural habitats suitable for wildlife, particularly the species (or sub-species which are geographically isolated) or endemic species in any state that is party to this Convention.

2. Give priority to verification that the natural habitats being conserved are managed in a way that safeguards the realization of the objective of such conservation. This shall include the following:

a) Banning or restricting human activities which lead to the: (i) distortion of the nature of such habitats;

(ii) pollution or poisoning them or;

(iii) deterioration, or threatening with deterioration, of the biodiversity of such habitats or their environmental productivity.

 

b) Adopting appropriate measures to restore the biodiversity and productivity of the habitats which have been subjected to deterioration.

3. Co-ordinate and exert efforts, with other parties, to conserve the natural habitats in a proper way, particularly when:

a) Such conservation is on a common border area.

 

b) These habitats are important for the migratory species included in Appendix (II) and

Appendix (III) of this Convention.

 

 

 

Article 3

Protection of Wildlife Species

 

 

1. Each party to this Convention shall enact the necessary legislation to conserve the species of wildlife included in the three appendices attached to this Convention, as follows:

A) Flora species included in Appendix (I).

(i) conserving such species, wherever they exist in natural habitats or whenever it is necessary to re-distribute them; and

(ii) banning or regulating the uprooting or felling any parts thereof or collecting their seeds except save for authorized scientific or research purposes.

B) The fauna species included in Appendix (II):

(i) conserving such species, wherever they exist in natural habitats or whenever it is necessary to settle them; and

(ii) banning all forms of hunting or deliberate killing, destruction or collecting of eggs or causing their disturbance, particularly during seasons of propagation and breeding of their young.

 

C) The fauna species included in Appendix (III):

Verifying that any exploitation of such species is done in a rationalized way ensuring that the survival or existence of any of such species in nature is not threatened, by adopting appropriate measures, such as:

(i) banning hunting or designating seasons when hunting is allowed, and introducing systems ensuring the rationalization of the levels of such exploitation; and

(ii) banning and/or regulating the exploitation of such groups for the purpose of affording the opportunity to them to recover their numbers in a satisfactory manner.

 

 

2. Each party to this Convention shall adopt all the necessary legislative and administrative measures in order to:

A)    Register all the species included in Appendix (I), Appendix (II) and Appendix (III), which are allowed to be owned in a legitimate way.

 

B)    Regulate the method of breeding such species and enhance their breading in captivity.

 

C) Ban or regulate the release of such species to the wild.

 

D)    Ban or regulate all forms of trading, locally, regionally or internationally, in the species included in Appendix (I), Appendix (II) and Appendix (III) or in their products or parts.

 

 

3. Ban the owning of the animals species included in Appendix (III) or killing them, by any means, which may lead to their extinction, or through the use of any of the permitted tools without obtaining a permit specifying the conditions whereby their ownership is regulated or specifying such tool. Such permits and licenses shall be issued by the concerned authorities in the states which are parties to the Convention.

4. The party states shall, in addition to the measures provided for in this Convention, co- ordinate their efforts to conserve the migratory populations from those included under Appendix (II) and Appendix (III).

 

 

Article 4

Restrictive Measures

 

 

1. Each party to this Convention may adopt restrictive measures on a national level in order to regulate the trading in any wildlife species or in its products or parts, from those included under Appendix (I), Appendix (II) or Appendix (III), where such species is resident of the land of such state or of its territorial waters or migrating across them in an ordinary way or to regulate the use of any of species included in Appendix (III).

2. Each party to this Convention shall notify the Permanent Committee of any restrictive local taken measures of this type taken, as well as of any species provided with full protection on its territories other than the species included in Appendix (II) and Appendix (III) on the land of the country.

Article 5

Supplementary Provisions

 

 

To implement the provisions of this Convention, each party shall:

 

 

1. Co-operate with the party states, particularly when this would lead to enhancing the efficiency of the measures taken in pursuance of the provisions of this Convention.

2. Encourage and co-ordinate research and exchange information and expertise which would serve the objectives of this Convention particularly in relation to the programmes of propagating the species in captivity and re-introducing them in their natural habitats.

3. Co-ordinate and integrate efforts and exchange information in respect of the movement of

the reintroduce species across the borders to the land of another state.

4. Seek to utilize modern technologies in the exchange of information and networking among the concerned institutions in the party states to facilitate the exchange of information about the Convention and its implementation.

 

 

Article 6

Permasnent Committee

 

 

1. Under this Convention, there shall be established a committee under the name “Permanent Committee for the Conservation of Wildlife and its Natural Habitats in the Gulf Co-operation Council States.”

2. The Permanent Committee shall consist of representatives from all the GCC states,

provided that the level of representation on it shall not be less than a director.

3. The assignment Permanent Committee is to enforce implementing put the principles and objectives specified in this Convention. For this end, the Committee’s responsibilities and powers shall be as follows:

a. Follow up implementation.

 

b.    Facilitate conducting intensive research and studies on natural habitats of the species and their distribution areas and normal movements in such areas.

 

c.    Collect information and prepare periodical country reports about the situation, numbers and distribution of wildlife species and any changes occurring thereto, and factors affecting them.

 

d. Analyze and disseminate the information referred to under paragraphs (b) and (c)

above.

 

e.    Determine the requirements of wildlife conservation for the species and evaluate the effectiveness of the conservation measures approved by the parties in implementation of this Convention.

f.    Applying, adopt and revise conservation measures by using the best available scientific evidence which include the following:

(i) designating certain areas as protected areas to conserve biodiversity and rehabilitate it;

(ii) determining the start and end of hunting seasons;

(iii) regulating hunting methods so as to avoid intensive hunting in any area or region or of one species or certain species;

(iv) regulating grazing activities and specifying its areas and dates; and

(v) taking other conservation measures which the Permanent Committee deems fit to realize the objectives of this Convention, including drawing up plans and programmes to prevent the negative impacts resulting from development projects in areas of the natural distribution of wild plants and animals specified in the appendices attached to this Convention.

 

g.    Check periodically the appendices attached to this Convention and suggest amendments there to upon the request of any state of the party states, provided that the appendices and the amendments are approved by the Environmental Co- ordination Committee.

 

h. Reviewing the measures taken by the party states in pursuance of Paragraph (2) of

Article 4 of this convention.

 

i. Preparing the proposed budget for the Convention.

 

j.    Propose to the Permanent Committee’s draft by-laws and financial and administrative regulations and approved by the Ministers.

 

k.    Seek to facilitate amicable settlement of any dispute arising between the parties in the course of implementing this Convention, in accordance of Article 9 of this Convention.

 

 

4. The Permanent Committee shall convene at least twice per year. However, it may convene other meetings, ordinary or extraordinary, on the request of one of the party states, to be seconded by another country. The General Secretariat of the Co-operation Council shall call for convening the Committee’s first meeting within no more than three months from the date this Agreement comes into force.

5. The Permanent Committee may form specialist sub-committees or task forces, whether on a permanent or temporary basis, as necessary, to carry out its functions in an proper way.

6. The party states to the Convention shall implement the conservation measures recommended by the Permanent Committee, and approved by the Ministers in pursuance of the provisions of the Articles of this Convention, as follows:

7. The Permanent Committee shall notify all the party states of the conservation measures.

8. The conservation measures shall become binding upon all party states upon the expiry of sixty days after the notification date.

9. The Permanent Committee shall assess the implementation of the Convention upon the expiry of three years after the date the Convention comes into force, and at least every six years thereafter.

 

Article 7

Secretariat

 

 

By virtue of this Convention, a Secretariat shall be established, to carry out the following

functions:

 

 

1. Preparation and arrangement for the Permanent Committee’s meetings in co-ordination

with the General Secretariat.

2. Preparation of reports about the activities assigned to it in implementation of its functions by virtue of this Convention and submitting them to the Permanent Committee.

3. Co-ordination with the institutions concerned with conserving wildlife in the Co-operation

Council states and with similar organizations and regional and international conventions.

4. Co-ordinating the exchange of information and data among the party states to the

Convention and notifying the competent authorities of them.

5. Any other functions that may be entrusted to it.

 

 

Article 8

Amendments to the Convention

 

 

Each party to this Convention may propose making any amendments to any of the Articles of the Convention and submit an application to this effect to the Depository, which shall submit such amendments to the Ministers for approval. Amendments shall be governed by the same provisions related to the entry into force and those set forth under Paragraph (2) of Article 10 of this Convention.

 

Article 9

Settlement of Disputes

 

 

The Permanent Committee shall make best efforts to facilitate the amicable settlement of any dispute that may arise in the course of implementing this Convention. If such dispute becomes impossible to settle or resolve through direct negotiations between the concerned parties, the Committee shall submit it to the Ministers.

 

 

Article 10

Entry into Force

 

 

1. This Convention shall be approved by the Supreme Council and ratified by the member

states in accordance with their constitutional processes.

2. The Convention shall enter into force upon the expiry of ninety days after the ratification of

four Gulf Co-operation Council states.

 

 

Article 11

Reservations

 

 

1. Any state may, on depositing the instrument of ratification of this Convention, express one reservation, or more, about the species specified in Appendix (I), Appendix (II) and Appendix (III) or in connection with the measures and method of killing, catching or exploitation of one or more species from those specified in this Convention.

2. Any party state to this Convention may withdraw any reservation at any time by notifying the Secretary General in writing, and such reservation shall stand null and void after the expiry of thirty days from the date of notification.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

t t

Acanthaceae

 

Crossandra wissmani يئامزياولا اردـناسوركلا

 

Ecbolium gymnostackyum

 

Monechma debile

 

Ruellia grandiflora )ةبرعم( راهزلأا ةريبك ةيليور

 

Agavaceae

 

Dracaena serrulata ةيراشنلما ةينينتلا Dracaena serrulata ةيراشنلما نيوخلأا مد Dracaena serrulata ةيراشنلما يننتلا ةرجش Sansevieria forskaliana ةيلاكشروفلا ةيريفسنسلا Sansevieria abyssinice ةيشبلحا ةيريفسنسلا Sansevieria ehrenbergii ةينايجربنرهلاا ةيريفسنسلا Sansevieria ehrenbergii )نميلا( بلذ

Amaryllidaceae

 

Crinum album ضيبأ فرس Crinum album ضيبأ نويبرقا Crinum album ضيبأ ةيفنرت Crinum yemense ينيم فرس Crinum yemense ينيم نويبرقأ Crinum yemense ينيم ةيفنرت Pancratium maximum ريبك فرس Pancratium maximum ريبك ديرب Scadoxus multiflorus راهزلأا ددعتم سكوواطسب Pancratium tenuifolium قرولا قيقر فرس

Asclepiadaceae

 

Caralluma spp ةعجضلا سنج عاونأ Ceropegia spp ةيلكلا ةعارد سنج عاونأ Ceropegia tehamana ةيماهتلا ةيلكلا ةعارد

Duvalia sulcata

 

Duvalia velutina

Huemia spp دبكلا عجو مأ سنج عاونأ Huemia spp خيشلا تابن سنج عاونأ Rhytidocaulon macrolobum

Rhytidocaulon sheilae

 

Burserrceae

 

Commiphora erythraea لفق Commiphora erythraea ماشب Commiphora erythraea ناسلب Commiphora sp لفقلا عاونأ دحأ Commiphora sp ماشبلا عاونأ دحأ Commiphora sp ناسلبلا عاونأ دحأ

Compositae

 

Kleina pendula ةيعاعشلا بضلا ةرجش

 

Anvillea radiata

 

Convolvulaceae

 

Merremia tridentata نانسلأا ةيثلاث ةييمرلما

 

Ebenaceae

 

Diospyros mespilliformis سونبآ

 

Ericaceae

 

Erica arborea جنلخ Erica arborea نربنيلا Erica arborea ةنتنلما ةربنيلا

Euphorbiaceae

 

Euphorbia ammak قمع

 

Euphorbia parciramulosa

 

Euphorbia fractiflexa

 

Hypericaceae

 

Hypericum revolutum ينويلوفرلا موتكريباهلا

 

Gentianaceae

 

Sabaea sp ةيبص سنج عاونأ دحأ

Sivertia sp ايتريفس سنج عاونأ دحأ

 

Globulariaceae

 

Globularia arabica يبرع مونغ

 

Globularia arabica يبرع ةحيرس

 

Iridaceae

 

Gladiolus daeenii ينيلاد ثوبلد

 

Oenostachys abyssinica

 

Iris albicans ضيبأ نسوس Iris postii يتسوب نسوس Iris postii فيفر

Globulariaceae

 

Globularia arabica يبرع مونغ

 

Globularia arabica يبرع ةحيرس

 

Labiatae

 

Plectranthus sp موتناوتكلب عاونأ دحأ Stachys sp ةيجيلثلا عاونأ دحأ Sachys sp راقلا عاونأ دحأ Ajuga arbica يبرعلا اقوجلأا

Lehuminosa

 

Acacia laeta )ايروس( طنس Cicer cuneatum يتانويكلا صملحا Acacia seyal لايس

Liliaceae

 

Albuca abyssinica ةيبص ةولأ Aloe sabaea ةيبص ربص Aloe sabaea ةيبص رقم Aloe sabaea ةيبص ريقم

Aloe sabaea

 

Aloe rubroviilacea

 

Tulipa biflora راهزلأا يئانث قبنز

Tulipa biflora راهزلأا يئانث بيلوتلا

 

Tulipa biflora راهزلأا يئانث ىمازخ

 

Moraceae

 

Dorstenia foetida ةنتنلا انيتسورودلا

 

Myricaceae

 

Myrica salicifolia قرولا ةيفاصفص اكريلما

 

Orchidaeceae

 

Eulophia petersii رتيب ايفولويا Eulophia speciosa ةيعون ايفولويا Holothrix arachnoidea يدنيوخرأ سكرتولوه

Passifloraceae

 

Adenia venenata )نميلا( نذع

 

Adenia venenata )نميلا( نيذع

 

Panunculaceae

 

Delphinium sheilae يليشلا قئاعلا

 

Delphinium sheilae يليشلا نوينيفلدلا

 

Rosaceae

 

Cratageus sinaica يئانيسلا رورعزلا

 

Rutaceae

 

Teclea nobilis )نميلا( يمرذ Teclea nobilis )نميلا( مرذ Teclea nobilis )نميلا( مرذ

Santalacea

 

Oxyris abyssinica )نميلا( يشبح قثأ

 

Oxyris abyssinica ةيشبح ىقلغ

 

Sapotaceae

 

Mimusops laurifolia قرولا يراق خبل

 

Mimusops bruguieri

 

Sterculiaceae

 

Glossostemon bruguieri يروغورب ثاغم


Thymeliaceae

 

Daphne linearifolia قارولأا يطيرش راغلا

 

Daphne mucronata فرطلا قدتسم راغلا

 

Umbelliferae

 

Ferula sp خلكلا عاونأ دحأ Ferula sp تيتللحا عاونأ دحأ Ferula sp ةنقلا عاونأ دحأ

Velloziaceae

 

Xerophyta arabica يبرعلا اتيافوريزلا

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Protected

 

A) Mammals

 

تاـييدثلا )أ

 

Canis Iupus

 

Arabian Wolf

يبرعلا بئذلا

 

Canis aureus

 

Asiatic Jackal

يويسلآا ىوآ نبا

 

Vulpes rueppelli

 

Sand Fox

لامرلا بلعث

 

Vulpes cana

 

Blanford’s Fox

رخصلا بلعث

 

Vulpus zerda

 

Fennec

كنفلا بلعث

 

Mellivora capensis

 

Honey Badger

نابرظلا ،لسعلا ريريغ

 

Vormela peregusna

 

Marbled Polecat

عقبلما سمنلا

 

Herpestes edwardsi

 

Indian Grey Mongoose

يدنهلا يدامرلا سمنلا

 

Genetta felina

 

European Genet

يبورولأا حابرلا

 

Ichneumia albicauda

 

White-tailed Mongoose

ليذلا ضيبأ سمنلا

 

Hyaena hyana

 

Striped Hyaena

ططلمخا عبضلا

 

Felis silvestris

 

Wild Cat

يربلا طقلا

 

Felis margarita

 

Sand Cat

لامرلا طقلا

 

Felis caracal

 

Caracal Lynx

قشولا

 

Panthera pardus

 

Arabian Leopard

يبرعلا رمنلا

 

Acinonyx jubatus

 

Asiatic Cheetah

يويسلآا دهفلا

 

Oryx leucoryx

 

Arabian Oryx

يبرعلا اهلما

 

Gazella gazella

 

Mountain gazelle (Idmi)

)ىمدا( لابلجا لازغ

 

Gazella saudiya

 

Saudi Gazelle (Afri)

)ىرفع( يدوعسلا لازغلا

 

Gazella subgutturosa

 

Sand Gazelle (Reem)

)يمرلا( لامرلا لازغ

 

Ovis ammon

 

Wild Sheep

يربلا نأضلا

 

Capra ibex

 

Nubian ibex

يبونلا لعولا

 

Capra aegagrus

 

Wild goat

يربلا زعالما

 

Hemitragus jayakari

 

Arabian Tahr

يبرعلا رهطلا

 

Dugong dugon

 

Dugong

)رحبلا سورع( موطلأا

 

 

 

B) Birds

 

Pernis apivorus

 

Elanus caerulus

 

 

 

Honey Buzzard

 

Black-Shouldered Kite

روـيطلا )ب

 

لحنلا رقص فتكلا ءادوس ةأدلحا

Milvus migrans

 

Haliaetus leucoryphus

 

Ardeotis arabs

 

Black Kite

 

Palla’s Fish Eagle

 

Arabian Bustard

ءادوسلا ةأدلحا كمسلا باقع

ةيبرعلا يرابلحا

 

 

 

C) Reptiles & Amphibians Mauremy caspica Rana ridibunda

 

 

 

Caspian Terrapin

 

Marsh Frog

تايئامربلاو فحاوزلا )ج

 

ةبذعلا هايلما ةافحلس تاعقنتسلما عدفض

 

A) Mammals

 

تاـييدثلا ) أ

 

Vulpes vulpes

 

Red fox

رمحلأا بلعثلا

 

Hystrix indica

 

Indian porcupine

يدنهلا صينلا

 

Procavia capansis

 

Rock hyrax

يرخصلا ربولا

 

Lepus capensis

 

Hare

يربلا بنرلأا

 

 

 

B) Birds

 

Burhinus oedicnemus Alectoris melanocephala Alectoris philbyi Alectoris chukar Ammoperdix heyi

Ammoperdix

griseogularis Coturnix coturnix Pterocles senegalus Pterocles coronatus

 

Pterocles lichtensteinii Pterocles alchata Pterocles exustus

Falco concolor Falcocherrug Falco biarmicus Falcoperegrinus

Falcopelegrinoides

 

 

Gypaetus barbatus

 

 

Neophron perenopterus

 

Gyps fulvus

 

Gyps rueppellii

 

 

 

Stone carlew

 

Red legged partridge

 


Philbys Rock partridge

 

Chukar partridge

 

Sand partridge

 

 

See-see partridge

 

 

Quail

 

Spotted sandgrouse

 

Crowned sandgrouse

 

Lichtensteins sandgrouse

 

Pin tailed sandgrouse

 

Chestnut bellied sandgrouse

 

Sooty falcon Saker falcon Lanner falcon Peregrine falcon Barbary

Lammergeyer (Bearded

Vulture) Egyptian Griffon vulture

Ruppells vulture

روـيطلا )ب

 

يوارحصلا ناوركلا قاسلا رمحأ لجلحا يبليف لجح

سأرلا يدامرلا لجلحا لامرلا لجح

 

لجلحا

 

 

)ىولسلا( نامسلا ةطقرلما اطقلا ةجوتلما اطقلا

 

ةططلمخا اطقلا يقارعلا اطقلا

نطبلا ةيئانتسك اطقلا بورغلا رقص

لازغلا رقص

 

)رلحا( رمحلأا رقصلا ينهاشلا رقص

)يركولا( يبرغلما ينهاشلا

 

يحتللما رسنلا

 

)ةيرصلما ةمخرلا( يرصلما رسنلا رمسلأا رسنلا عقبلأا رسنلا

 

 

Torgos tracheliotus

 

Lappet faced Vulture

)نوذلأا رسنلا( ثعشلأا رسنلا

 

Aegypius monachus

 

Black Vulture

دوسلأا رسنلا

 

Circaetus gallicus

 

Short-toed Eagle

عباصلأا ريصق باقعلا

 

Terathopius ecaudatus

 

Bateleur

)رولتب( رقص

 

Circus aeruginosus

 

Marsh Harrier

تاعقنتسلما رقص

 

Circus cyaneus

 

Hen Harrier

)جاجدلا ةزرم( يدامرلا ماولحا

 

Circus macrourus

 

Pallid Harrier

بحاشلا باولحا

 

Circus pygargus

 

Montagus Harrier

قاسلا طقرم يدامرلا ماولحا

 

Melierax metabates

 

Chanting goshawk

درغلما زابلا

 

Micronisus gabar

 

Gabar goshawk

راباج زاب

 

Accipiter badius

 

Shikra

)ةركيش زاب( ريغص زاب

 

Accipiter gentiles

 

Goshawk

ريبكلا زابلا

 

Accipiter nisus

 

Sparrowhawk

قشابلا رقصلا

 

Accipiter brevipes

 

Levant Sparrowhawk

يقرشلا ريفاصعلا قشاب

 

Buteo buteo

 

Buzzard

ماولحا رقصلا

 

Buteo rufinus

 

Long-legged Buzzard

قاسلا ليوط رقصلا

 

Aquila clanga

 

Spotted Eagle

طقرلما باقعلا

 

Aquila rapax

 

Steppe Eagle

بوهسلا باقع

 

Aquila heliaca

 

Imperial Eagle

يروطاربملاا باقعلا

 

Aquila chrysaetos

 

Golden Eagle

يبهذلا باقعلا

 

Aquila verraeuxii

 

Verreauxs Eagle

دوسلأاو ضيبلأا باقعلا

 

Hieraaetus pennatus

 

Booted Eagle

لاورسلا وذ باقعلا

 

Hieraaetus fasciatus

 

Bonellis Eagle

افقلا ضيبأ باقع

 

Hieraaetus albica

 

White tailed Eagle

ليذلا ضيبأ باقع

 

Pandion haliaetus

 

Osprey

يراسنلا باقعلا

 

Falco tinnuncullus

 

Kestral

قسوع

 

Numida meleagris

 

Helmeted (Tufted) Guineafowl

 

يشبلحا جاجدلا

 

Chalmydotis undulta

 

Houbara Bustard

يرابلحا

 

Otis tarda

 

Great Bustard

ةريبكلا يرابلحا

 

 

 

Otus brucei

 

Striated Scobs Owl

ةملقلما ةريغصلا موبلا

 

Otus scops

 

Scobs Owl

ءانذأ ةموب

 

Otus senegalensis

 

Spotted Scobs Owl

ةيقيرفلأا ءانذأ ةموب

 

Bubo bubo

 

Spotted Eagle Owl

ةيراسنلا موبلا

 

Bubo africanus

 

Spotted Eagle Owl

ةطقرلما ةيراسنلا موبلا

 

Athene noctua

 

Little Owl

ةريغصلا موبلا

 

Strix butleri

 

Humes Tawny Owl

رلتب موب

 

Asio otus

 

Long-eared Owl

نذلأا ليوط موبلا

 

Asi flammeus

 

Shott-earned Owl

نذلأا ريصق موبلا

 

Grus grus

 

Crane

يكركلا

 

Anthropoides virgo

 

Demoiselle crane

يدامرلا وهرلا

 

Pelecanus onocrotalus

 

White pelican

ضيبلأا عجبلا

 

Pelecanus rufescens

 

Pink backed pelican

رهظلا يدرو عجبلا

 

Ardea cinerea

 

Grey heron

يدامرلا نوشلبلا

 

Ardea purpurea

 

Purple heron

يناوجرلأا نوشلبلا

 

Ardea goliath

 

Goliath heron

رابلجا نوشلبلا

 

Ardeola rolloides

 

Squacco heron

ريغصلا ضيبلأا نوشلبلا

 

Nycticorax nycticorax

 

Night heron

يليللا نوشلبلا

 

Ixobrychus minutus

 

Little bittern

ريغصلا قاولا

 

Botaurus stellaris

 

Bittern

قاولا

 

Egretta alba

 

Great white egret

ريبكلا ضيبلأا نيزلحا كلام

 

Egretta garzetta

 

Little bittern

ريغصلا نيزلحا كلام

 

Egretta gularis

 

Reef heron

يرخصلا نيزلحا كلام

 

Bubulcus ibis

 

Cattle egret

رقبلا نوشلب

 

Platalea leucordia

 

Spoonbill

ةقعلم وبأ

 

Plegadis falcinellus

 

Glossy ibis

عملالا لجنم وبأ

 

Geronticus eremita

 

Bald ibis

لجنم وبأ

 

Threskioruis aethiopicus

 

Ciconia ciconia

 

Sacred ibis

 

 

White stork

 

سدقلما لجنم وبأ ضيبلأا قلقللا


 

Ciconia nigra

 

Black stork

دوسلأا قلقللا

 

Phoenicopterus rubber

 

Flamingo

ماحنلا

 

Larus leucophthalmus

 

White eyed gull

ينعلا ضيبأ سرونلا

 

Merops apiaster

 

Bee-eater

)لحنلا لكآ( راورولا

 

Coracias garrulus

 

Roller

قارقشلا

 

Glariola pratincola

 

Collared pratincole

قوطم رسيلا وبأ

 

Glariola nordmanni

 

Black winged pratincole

حانلجا دوسأ رسيلا وبأ

 

 

C) Reptiles

 

فـحاوزلا )ج

 

Uromastyx aegyptius

 

Egyptian spiny-tailed lizard

 

يرصلما بضلا

 

Pelomedusa subrufa

 

Side neck turtle

قنعلا ةيبناج ةافحلس

 

Eretmochelys imbricata

 

Hawksbill turtle

رقصلا راقنم ةافحلس

 

Chelonia mydas

 

Green turtle

ءارضخ ةافحلس

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Design by:

 

Ghada Al-Bakr , Maram Al-gummah , Muneera Al-Shybani

Appendix (III)

 

Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf 33