ACHR 1.1, ACHPR 1; UDHR preamble; ICCPR: preamble, 2.1; ECHR1 Protocol ACHR art1; ICESCR Preamble.


Advisory Opinion 18/03. Juridical Condition and Rights of Undocumented Migrants. Inter-American Court of Human Rights, par. 72


Arab Charter on Human Rights article. 2


Convention on the Rights of the Child 2.1


Declaration on the right and responsibility of individuals, groups and organs of society to promote and protect universally recognized Human and fundamental freedoms. UN General Assembly, December 1998.


European Social Charter Preamble.


General Comment No. 3. National Implementation, Human Rights Committee, 1981.


General Comment No. 31. Nature of the general legal obligation on States Parties to Covenant, Human Rights Committee, May 26, 2004.


General Comment no. 5 General Measures of implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Committee on the rights of the child, November 5, 2003


General Comment No.1. Human Rights Committee. ICCPR, July 29, 1981.


Inter-American Democratic Charter. General Assembly, first plenary session, September 11, 2001, OAS.


International Convention on the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and members of their families. General Assembly resolution No 45/158, December 18, 1990. art 7.1


Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action. World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, June 25, 1993.


Case of Velásquez Rodríguez v. Honduras. Merits, July 29, 1988. Series C No. 4. Par. 165


Case of Godínez Cruz v. Honduras. Merits, 20 January 1989. Series C No. 5. Par. 170-174


Case of Neíra Alegría et al v. Peru. Merits, 19 January 1995. Series C No. 20. Par. 85


Case of Caballero Delgado and Santana v. Colombia. Merits. December 8, 1995. Series C No. 22. Par. 55-57


Case of Castillo Petruzzi et al v. Peru. Merits, R and C. May 30, 1999. Series C No. 52. Par.204-205


Case of Bámaca Velásquez v. Guatemala. Merits. November 25, 2000. Series C No. 70. Par. 207


Case of the Constitutional Court v. Peru. Merits. January 31, 2001. Series C No. 71. Par. 107-110


Case of Baena Ricardo et al. v. Panama. Merits. February 2, 2001. Series C no. 72. Par. 178


Case of “The Last temptation of Christ “(Olmedo Bustos et al. v. Chile. Merits. February 5, 2001. Series C No. 73. Par. 86-87


Case of Ivcher Bronstein v. Peru. Merits. February 6, 2001. Series C No. 74. Par. 168-170


Case of the Mayagna (Sumo) Awas Tingni Community v. Nicaragua. Merits. August 31, 2001. Series C No. 79. Par. 154


Case of the Five Pensioners v. Peru. Merits, R and C. February 28, 2003. Series C No. 98. Par. 163


Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez v. Honduras. PO, Merits, R and C. June 7, 2003. Series C No. 99. Par. 1 10 134 141


Case of Bulacio v. Argentina. Merits, R and C. September 18, 2003. Series C No. 100. Par. 139, 148, 153,154


Case of the 19 Merchants v. Colombia. Merits, R and C. July 5, 2004. Series C No. 109. Par. 153


Case of Gutiérrez Soler v. Colombia. September 12, 2005. Series C No. 132. Par. 54


Case of Baldeón Garcia v. Peru. Merits, R and C. April 6, 2006. Series C No. 147. Par. 80-81


Case of Zambrano Vélez et al. v. Ecuador. Merits, R and C. July 4, 2007. Series C No. 166. Par. 103


Case of Cantoral Huamaní and García Santa Cruz v. Peru. PO, Merits, R and C. July 10, 2007. Series C No. 167. Par. 79

Case of Boyce et al v. Barbados. PO, Merits, R and C. November 20, 2007. Series C No. 169. Par. 69


Case of Albán Cornejo et al. v. Ecuador. Merits, R and C. November 22, 2007. Series C No. 171. Par. 120


Obligation to Ensure the Human Rights

Principle of Effectiveness of Human Rights