ACHR 5 , 6, 7; ICCPR 9, 10 14; ECHR 5


Advisory Opinion No. 16/99. The right to information on consular assistance in the framework of the due process of law. Inter-American Court of Human Rights.


Basic principles for the treatment of Prisoners. General Assembly, 68th session, December 14, 1990. Resolution A/RES/45/111


Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials Law, UN Doc A/34/46 (1979)


Body of Principles for the protection of all persons under any form of detention or imprisonment. Adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 43/173 of December 9, 198.


Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Art 14.


Convention on the Rights of the Child. Article 37, 40


Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons


General Comment No. 21. Humane treatment of deprived of their liberty article 10 ICCPR, Human Rights Committee, April 10, 1992.


General Comment No. 9. Humane treatment of persons deprived of liberty article 10, Human Rights Committee, July 30, 1982.


Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons. OAS, Brazil, 06/09/94.


International Convention on the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and members of their families. General Assembly resolution No 45/158, December 18, 1990. Art 16.7, 17, 18.


Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. General Assembly, resolution 57/199 of December 2002. Art 4 (Definition Deprivation of Liberty).


Principles and Best Practices on the Protection of Persons Deprived of Liberty in the Americas.            Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.


Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners. Adopted by the First Congress of the United Nations on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, held at Geneva in 1995 and approved by the Economic and Social Council in its resolutions 663 C (XXIV) of July 31, 1957 and 2076 (LXII) of May 13, 1977.


United Nations Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (Tokyo Rules).


United Nations Rules for the protection of juveniles deprived of their liberty. Adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 45/113 of December 14, 1990.


United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules), December 21, 2012. A/RES/65/229


United Nations standard minimum rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (The Beijing Rules)


United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners. UN Economic and Social Council, resolution 663 C (XXIV) of July 31, 1957 and 2076 (LXII) of May 13, 1977.

Special Rapporteur on Prisons and Conditions of Detention ACHPR

Working Group on Death Penalty and extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary killings in Africa

Rapporteurship on the Rights of Persons Deprived of Liberty, HR Commission


Court HR, Case of Brogan and et al., decision of March 23, 1988, Series A no. 145-B, pars. 58-59, 61-62


Court HR, Aksoy v. Turkey judgment of December 18, 1996, Reports of Judgments and Decisions 1996-VI, p. 2282


Court HR, Kurt v. Turkey judgment of May 25, 1998, Reports of Judgments and Decisions 1998-III, p.1185


Court HR v Kudla. Poland, judgment of October 26, 2000, no. 30210/96, par. 93-94.


Due Process

Right to a Family

Right to personal physical, mental and moral Integrity

Rights of Persons deprived of Liberty

Right to Health

Right to Effective judicial protection

Right to Life

Habeas Corpus

Ne Bis in idem

Presumption of innocence

Principle of Proportionality of penalty

Principle of Legality

Principle of Retroactivity

Preventive Detention  (not general rule)

Prohibition of Imprisonment for civil debts

Enforced disappearance of persons

Prohibition of Detention, imprisonment or arbitrary deprivation of freedom

Prohibition of Transcendental punishment

Prohibition against Arbitrary Deprivation of life

Prohibition of medical or scientific experiments without consent

Prohibition on Torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment