Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Enforcement Officials, adopted by the Eighth United Nations Congress on the prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, Cuba, August 27 to September 7 1990, Principle 9.

INTER-AMERICAN COURT

Principles

Case of Servellón Garcia et al, supra note 3, par. 102, and Case of Montero Aranguren et al (Detention Center of Catia), supra note 128, par. 6

 

Case of the Miguel Castro Castro Prison v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 25, 2006. Series C No. 160. Par.238-241

 

Case of Nadega Dorzema et al. v. Dominican Republic, October 24, 2012, Series C, No. 251. Par.

 

Case of the Miguel Castro Castro Prison v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 25, 2006. Series C No. 160. Par.384

 

Standards

Case of Montero Aranguren et al (Detention Center of Catia) v. Venezuela. PO, Merits, R and C. July 5, 2006.Series C No. 150. Par. 67-71, 75

 

Case of Zambrano Vélez et al. v. Ecuador. Merits, R and C. July 4, 2007. Series C No. 166. Par. 86

 

IACHR. Case of Nadega Dorzema et al. v. Dominican Republic, October 24, 2012, Series C, No. 251 , paragraph 80 (effective against security forces, requiring protocols for use of force),

 

Training

Case of Montero Aranguren et al (Detention Center of Catia) v. Venezuela. PO, Merits, R and C. July 5, 2006.Series C No. 150. Par. 77-78

 

Case of Zambrano Vélez et al. v. Ecuador. Merits, R and C. July 4, 2007. Series C No. 166. Par. 87

 

IACHR. Case of Nadega Dorzema et al. v. Dominican Republic, October 24, 2012, Series C, No. 251 , paragraph 81

 

Legality Verification

Case of Montero Aranguren et al (Detention Center of Catia) v. Venezuela. PO, Merits, R and C. July 5, 2006.Series C No. 150. Par. 79

 

Case of Zambrano Vélez et al. v. Ecuador. Merits, R and C. July 4, 2007. Series C No. 166. Par. 88-90

 

Exceptionality, necessity, proportionality, and humanity

Case of Zambrano Vélez et al. v. Ecuador. Merits, R and C. July 4, 2007. Series C No. 166. Par. 82-85. 110

RELATED TOPICS:                                         

Right to LIFE

Principles en the use of force