ACHR 13.5; CFREU 21.1; UDHR 2; ICCPR 20.2, 26, 27


Declaration on Apartheid and its Destructive consequences in southern Africa. General Assembly, December 14, 1989.


Declaration on fundamental principles concerning the contribution of the mass media to strengthening peace and international understanding to the promotion of human rights and to countering racialism, apartheid and incitement of war. November 28, 1978.


Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice. UN E/CN.4 / Sub. / 1982/2


Fact Sheet No. 12 – Committee on the elimination of Racial discrimination.


General Comment No. 30. Discrimination against non-citizens. Committee on the elimination of Racial discrimination.


General Comment No. 32. The meaning and scope of special measures in the International Convention on the elimination of All Forms of Racial discrimination. Committee on the elimination of Racial discrimination. August 28, 2009.



General Comment No. 34. Racial discrimination against people of African descent. Committee on the elimination of Racial discrimination. October 3, 2011.


General Comment No. 35. Combating racist hate speech. Committee on the elimination of Racial discrimination. September 26, 2013.


International Convention against Apartheid in Sports. General Assembly resolution No 40/64, December 10, 1985.


International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination. General Assembly resolution 2106 (XX), December 21, 1965. Entry into force: January 2, 1969, in accordance with article 19.


International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid. General Assembly resolution 3068 (XXVIII), November 20, 1973.


International Declaration against Apartheid in Sports. General Assembly A/RES/32/105, December 14, 1977.


United Nations Declaration on the elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. UN General Assembly resolution 1904 (XVIII), November 20, 1963.


World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance. Programme of Action, Durban, South Africa, UN Doc A/CONF.189/5

Committee on the elimination of Racial Discrimination. UN

European commission against Racism and Intolerance   ECRI

Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent. UN

Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. UN

Working Group on Indigenous Populations / Communities in Africa. ACHPR

Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. HR Commission

Rapporteurship on the Rights of Persons of African Descent and against Racial discrimination. HR Commission.


Right to Equality

Prohibition of Discrimination