ACHR 5.2; ACHPR: 5; ECHR 3; CFREU 4; ADRDM 26; UDHR 5; ICCPR 7;

African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child: 16.

Basic principles for the treatment of Prisoners. General Assembly resolution No 45/111, December 14, 1990.

Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Enforcement Officials, adopted by the Eighth United Nations Congress on the prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, Cuba, August 27 to September 7, 1990

Body of Principles for the protection of all persons under any form of detention or imprisonment. General Assembly resolution No 43/173, December 9, 1988.

Code of conduct for law enforcement officials

Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 39/46 of December 10, 1984.

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Art 15.

Convention on the Rights of the Child: 37.a

Declaration on the human rights of individuals who are not nationals of the country in which they live, Article 6.

Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. Adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 3452 (XXX) of December 9, 1975

Declaration on the protection of women and children in Emergency and Armed Conflict,

European Convention for the prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Number 126 of the Council of Europe), Strasbourg on November 26, 1987.

Fact Sheet No. 17. The Committee against Torture. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights United Nations Office.

Fact Sheet No. 4. Methods of Combating Torture. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights United Nations Office.

General Comment No. 13 The right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence. Committee on the Rights of the Child

General Comment No. 20. Prohibition of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment, article 7 ICCPR, Human Rights Committee, March 10, 1992.

General Comment No. 21. Humane treatment of persons deprived of liberty art 10 ICCPR, Human Rights Committee, April 10, 1992.

General Comment No. 7. Prohibition of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment Article 7 ICCPR. Human Rights Committee, May 30, 1982.

Geneva Convention of August 12, 1949 on the Protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts art 4.2.a).

Guidelines of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on human rights and the fight against terrorism, Guideline IV.

Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of all forms of Violence against Women art 4d

Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture

International Committee of the Red Cross. Women Facing War: ICRC Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Women, 2001, sec. III, ref. 0798

International Convention on the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and members of their families. General Assembly resolution No 45/158, December 18, 1990. Art 10.

International Convention on the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and members of their families art 10, 16

Istanbul Protocol (Manual on the effective investigation and documentation of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights United Nations Office.

Manual on the effective investigation and documentation of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment “Istanbul Protocol”

Optional protocol to the convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. General Assembly, resolution 57/199 of December 2002.

Principles and Best Practices on the Protection of Persons Deprived of Liberty in the Americas.

Principles on the effective investigation and documentation of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 55/89 Annex in December 4, 2000.

Principles of Medical Ethics relevant to the role of health personnel, particularly physicians, in the protection of prisoners and detainees against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. UN General Assembly resolution 37/194, December 18, 1982.

Rome Statue of the International Criminal Court. United Nations Conference of Plenipotentiaries, July 17, 1998.

Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners. Adopted by the First Congress of the United Nations on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. Art 31

United Nations Rules for the protection of juveniles deprived of their liberty, Rule 87 (a).

United Nations standard minimum rules for the administration of juvenile justice (The Beijing Rules) Rule 17.3;
COUNCIL OF EUROPE
European Convention for the prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 26/11/1987, 02/01/1989

Protocol No. 1 to the European Convention for the prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 04/11/1993, 03/01/2002

Protocol No. 2 to the European Convention for the prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 04/11/1993 or 03/01/2002

INTER-AMERICAN COURT

Elements

Case of Tibi v. Ecuador. PO, Merits, R and C. September 7, 2004. Series C No. 114. Par.143

 

Case of de la Cruz Flores v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 18, 2004. C. Series No.115. Par.

 

Case of Lori Berenson Mejía v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 25, 2004. Series C No. 119. Par. 100 –

 

Case of Baldeón Garcia v. Peru. Merits, R and C. April 6, 2006. Series C No. 147. Par.117

 

Case of the Miguel Castro Castro Prison v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 25, 2006. Series C No. 160. Par.317

 

Case of Buenos Alves v. Argentina. Merits, R and C. May 11, 2007. Series C No. 164. Par. 76-77

 

Examples

Case of Cantoral Benavides v. Peru. Merits. August 18, 2000. Series C No. 69. Par.

 

Case of Hilaire, Constantine and Benjamin et al v. Trinidad and Tobago. Merits. June 21, 2002. Series C No. 94. Par.

 

Case of the Miguel Castro Castro Prison v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 25, 2006. Series C No. 160. Par.297-300

 

Incommunication is cruel treatment

Case of Velásquez Rodriguez v. Honduras. Merits, July 29, 1988. Series C No. 4 Par.

 

Case of Godínez Cruz v. Honduras. Merits, January 20, 1989. Series C No. 5164

 

Case of Loayza Tamayo v. Peru. Merits, September 17, 1997. Series C No. 33. Par. 57-58

 

Case of Suárez Rosero v. Ecuador. Merits. November 12, 1997. Series C No. 35. Par.87-92

 

Case of Castillo Petruzzi et al v. Peru. Merits, R and C. May 30, 1999. Series C No. 52. Par. 194-197

 

Case of Cantoral Benavides v. Peru. Merits. August 18, 2000. Series C No. 69. Par. 80-86,88-102

 

Case of Maritza Urrutia v. Guatemala. Merits, R and C. November 27, 2003. Series. C No. 103. Par.87-88

 

Case of de la Cruz Flores v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 18, 2004. C. Series No.115. Par. 127-130

Case of the Miguel Castro Castro Prison v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 25, 2006. Series C No. 160. Par.323-325, 330

 

Case of Boyce et al v. Barbados. PO, Merits, R and C. November 20, 2007. Series C No. 169. Par. 97, 109

 

Laws of Amnesty Incompatible with the ACHR

Case of Barrios Altos v. Peru. Merits. March 14, 2001. Series C No. 75. Par.

 

Cruel punishment / Cruel treatment

Case of the Miguel Castro Castro Prison v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 25, 2006. Series C No. 160. Par.314, 320

 

Physical / Psychological torture : intent / purpose / suffering

Case of Cantoral Benavides v. Peru. Merits. August 18, 2000. Series C No. 69. Par.102

 

Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez v. Honduras. PO, Merits, R and C. June 7, 2003. C Series No. 99. Par. 97, 100

 

Case of Maritza Urrutia v. Guatemala. Merit, R and C. November 27, 2003. Series. C No. 103. Par. 89-95

 

Case of de la Cruz Flores v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 18, 2004. C. Series No.115. Par.

 

Case of Lori Berenson Mejía v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 25, 2004. Series C No. 119. Par. 100 –

 

Case of Caesar v. Trinida and Tobago. Merits, R and C. March 11, 2005. Series C No. 123. Par. 58-74

 

Case of Fermín Ramirez v. Guatemala. Merits, R and C. June 20, 2005. Series C No. 126. Par 117

 

Case of the Miguel Castro Castro Prison v. Peru. Merits, R and C. November 25, 2006. Series C No. 160. Par.325-329

 

Case of Buenos Alves v. Argentina. Merits, R and C. May 11, 2007. Series C No. 164. Par. 78-79

 

Inhumane Treatment

Case of the “Street Children” (Villagrán Morales et al.) v. Guatemala. Merits. November 19, 1999. Series C No 64. Par 173-175

EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

Eur Court HR, Campbell and Cosans, Judgment of February 25, 1982, Series A Vol 48, par.

 

Inhuman Treatment

Case of Ireland v. the United Kingdom, Judgment of January 18, 1978, Series A no. 25. Par. 162-167

 

Case Ribitsch v. Austria, Judgment of December 4, 1995, Series A no. 336, par.

 

Absolute Prohibition of Torture Even on Terrorism

 

Court HR, Labita v. Italy, Judgment of  April 6, 2000, par.

 

Court HR, Selmouni v. France, Judgment of July 28, 1999, par.

 

Court HR, Chahal v. United Kingdom, Judgment of November 15, 1996, Reports 1996-V, pars. 79 – 80

 

Court HR, Tomasi v. France, Judgment of August 27, 1992, Series A Vol 241-A, par.

 

Elements will end directed

Court HR, Mahmut Kaya v. Turkey, Judgment of March 28, 2000, par. 117.

 

Court. HR, Tyrer v. United Kingdom (5856/72), Judgment of April 25, 1978, Series A, No. 26, par.

 

CHR, Case of Mikheyev v. Russia (1st), Judgment of January 26, 2006, App No. 77617/01, pars. 20, 129 and 135.

Committees

UN Committee against Torture

European committee for the prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment CPT

UN Subcommittee for the prevention of the Torture

Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. UN sr-torture@ohchr.org

European Committee for the prevention of Torture and other Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment site

Committee for the prevention of Torture in Africa site

RELATED TOPICS:

Right to personal physical, mental and moral Integrity

Right to Health

Right to an effective remedy for Human Rights violations

Obligation to Ensure the Human Rights

Duty to Investigate Human Rights Violations

Obligation to Prevent and Punish torture

Legal obligation to protect victims