ACHR 1, 2, 8, 25, 44; ACHPR 7.1a) , 26; CFREU 47; ECHR 13; ADRDM: 18; UDHR 8; ICCPR 2.3, 14


Advisory Opinion No. 11/90. Exceptions to the Exhaustion of Domestic Remedies (Arts. 46.1, 46.2.a and 46.2.b) Inter-American Court of Human Rights.


Advisory Opinion No. 8/87. Habeas Corpus in emergency situations (Articles 27.2, 25.1 and 7.6 ACHR) Inter-American Court of Human Rights.


Advisory Opinion No. 9/87. Judicial Guarantees in States of Emergency (Articles 27.2, 25 and 8). Inter-American Court of Human Rights.


Basic principles and guidelines on the right to a remedy and reparation for victims of gross violations of international human rights law and serious violations of international humanitarian law. Resolution 60/147, General Assembly, December 16, 2005. UN


Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment. 13, 15


Declaration of basic principles of justice for victims of crime and abuse of power. General Assembly resolution No 40/34, November 29, 1985.


General Comment No. 10, Committee on the Rights of the Child, par. 60


General Comment No. 3. Nature of States Parties obligations. ICESCR, Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, January 1, 1991


General Comment No. 9. The Domestic Application of the Covenant, ICESCR, Human Rights Committee, December 3, 1998.


Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of all forms of Violence against Women “Belem Do Pará Convention”, Brazil June 9, 1994, art 4g)


International convention on the elimination of All Forms of Racial discrimination. Art. 6


International Convention on the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and members of their families. General Assembly resolution No 45/158, December 18, 1990. Art 83.


Case of Castillo Páez v. Peru. Merits. November 3, 1997 Series C No. 34. Par. 81-84


Case of Suárez Rosero v. Ecuador. Merits November 12, 1997. Series C No. 35. Par. 65


Case of Blake v. Guatemala. Merits. January 24, 1988. Series C no. 36. Par. 103


Case of the “White Van” (Paniagua Morales et al) v. Guatemala. Merits. March 8, 1998. Series C No. 37.Par. 164


Case of Castillo Petruzzi et al v. Peru. Merits, R and C. May 30, 1999. Series C No. 52. Par.185-186


Case of Cesti Hurtado v. Peru. Merits. September 29, 1999. Series C No. 56. Par. 121-123


Case of the “Street Children” (Villagrán Morales et al.) v. Guatemala. Merits. November 19, 1999. Series C No 64. Par. 234-238


Case of Durand and Ugarte v. Peru. Merits. August 16, 2000. Series C No. 68. Par.101.


Case of Cantoral Benavides v. Peru. Merits. August 18, 2000. Series C No. 69. Par161-165


Case of Bámaca Velásquez v. Guatemala. Merits. November 25, 2000. Series C No. 70. Par. 188-194


Case of the Constitutional Court v. Peru. Merits. January 31, 2001. Series C No. 71. Par. 88-93


Case of Ivcher Bronstein v. Peru. Merits. February 6, 2001. Series C No. 74. Par. 135-141


Case of Mayagna (Sumo) Awas Tingni Community v. Nicaragua. Merits. August 31, 2001. Series C No. 79. Par. 111-114 effectiveness, 131 quick and easy, 135


Case of Cantoral Benavides v. Peru. Merits. August 18, 2000. Series C No. 69. Par. 58, 61


Case of Hilaire, Constantine and Benjamin et al v. Trinidad and Tobago. Merits. June 21, 2002.Series C No. 94. Par. 148-151


Case of Cantos v. Argentina. Merits, R and C. November 28, 2002. Series C No. 97. Par. 52


Case of the Five Pensioners v. Peru. Merits, R and C. February 28, 2003. Series C No. 98. Par. 126, 136.138, 141


Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez v. Honduras. PO, Merits, R and C. June 7, 2003. Series C No. 99.Par. 85


Case of Juan Humberto Sánchez v. Honduras. PO, Merits, R and C. June 7, 2003. Series C No. 99. Par. 1 20-123.125


Case of the 19 Merchants v. Colombia. Merits, R and  C. July 5, 2004. Series C No. 109. Par. 192-194


Case of the Gómez Paquiyauri Brothers v. Peru. Merits, R and C. July 8, 2004. Series C No. 110. Par. 97-100


Case of the “Juvenile Reeducation Institute” v. Paraguay. PO, Merits, R and C. September 2, 2004. Series C No. 112. Par. 239, 245


Case of Tibi v. Ecuador. PO, Merits, R and C September 7, 2004. Series C No. 114. Par. 128-131


Case of the Serrano Cruz Sisters v. El Salvador. Merits, R and C March 1, 2005. Series C No. 120. Par. 56


Case of the Serrano Cruz Sisters v. El Salvador. Merits, R and C March 1, 2005. Series C No. 120. Par. 75-77


Case of the Moiwana Community v. Suriname. PO, Merits, R and C June 15, 2005. Series C No. 124. Par. 142-143.


Case of the Yakye Axa Indigenous Community v. Paraguay. Merits, R and C. June 20, 2005. Series C No. 125. Par. 61-63


Case  of Yatama v. Nicaragua. PO, Merits, R and C. June 23, 2005. Series C No. 127. Par 167, 168, 173 resource in electoral matters-175


Case of Acosta Calderón v. Ecuador. Merits, R and C June 24, 2005. Series C No. 129. Par. 90-93


Case of Palamara Iribarne v. Chile. Merits, R and C. November 22, 2005. Series C No. 135. Par. 102. Par. 163-164, 187, 187


Case of López Alvarez v. Honduras. Merits, R and C. February 1, 2006. C Series No 141. Par. 137 – 140


Case of Acevedo Jaramillo et al v. Peru. PO, Merits, R and C. 7 February 2006, Series C No. 144. Par. 213-217


Case of Baldeón Garcia v. Peru. Merits R and C April 6, 2006. Series C No. 147. Par. 144-146


Case of Claude Reyes et al v. Chile. Merits R and C September 19, 2006. C Series No 151. Par.127-131, 137


Case of Goiburú et al v. Paraguay. Merits, R and C. September 22, 2006. Series C No. 153. Par. 110


Case of the Dismissed Congressional Employees (Aguado Alfaro et al) v. Peru. PO, Merits, R and C November 24, 2006. Series C No.158. Par. 106, 119, 125-126, 129-130


Case of the Miguel Castro Castro Prison v. Peru. Merits R and C November 25, 2006. Series C No. 160. Par.381


Case of the Rochela Massacre v. Colombia. Merits. R and C. May 11, 2007. Series C No. 163. Par.143-146, 225


Case of Zambrano Vélez et al. v. Ecuador. Merits, R and C. July 4, 2007. Series C No. 166. Par. 114


Case of Cantoral Huamaní and García Santa Cruz v. Peru. PO, Merits, R and C July 10, 2007. Series C No. 167. Par. 124,


Case of García Prieto et al. v. Salvador. PO, Merits, R and C November 20, 2007. Series C No. 168. Par. 149


Case of the Saramaka People v. Suriname. PO, Merits, R and C November 28, 2007. Series C No. 172. Par.177-178


Case of Chiriboga v. Ecuador. PO, Merits, May 6, 2008. Series C No. 179. Par. 57-59


Case of Chiriboga v. Ecuador. PO, Merits, May 6, 2008. Series C No. 179. Par. 85-89


Effectiveness of Sentences

Case of the Five Pensioners. Judgment of February 28, 2003. Series C No. 98, pars. 138 and 141.


Case of Cesti Hurtado. Judgment of September 29, 1999. Series C No. 56, par. 133.


Case of Acevedo Jaramillo et al v. Peru. PO, Merits, R and C. February 7, 2006, Series C No. 144. Par. 217-220


Laws of Amnesty Incompatible with the ACHR

Case of Baena Ricardo


Case of Barrios Altos v. Peru. Merits. March 14, 2001. Series C No. 75. Par. 41-43


Antoneeto v. Italy, no. 15918/89, par. 27 ECHR, July 20, 2000


Immobiliare Saffi v. Italy [GC], no. 22774/93, par. 63, ECHR 1999-V


Hornsby v. Greece judgment of March 19, 1997, ECHR, Reports of Judgments and Decisions 1997-II, par. 40.


Akdivar et al. v. Turkey, judgment (Preliminary Objections) of September 16, 1996, Reports 1996-IV Court (Grand Chamber), pars. 66 and 69.


Vernillo v. France, judgment of February 20, 1991, Series A no. 198, pp. 11-12, par. 27


Johnston et al. v. Ireland, judgment of December 18, 1986, Series A no. 112, p. 22, par. 45,


Van Oosterwijck v. Belgium, judgment (Preliminary Objections) of November 6, 1980, Series A no. 40, pp. 18, par. 35.

Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence. UN.


Due Process

Right to Compensation for Human Rights violations

Right to Compensation for illegal detention or imprisonment

Victims’ Rights Violations HHRR (Due Process)

Victims’ Rights Precautionary Measures

Victims’ Rights Compensation

Obligation to Ensure the Human Rights

Obligation to Respect Human Rights

Principle of Effectiveness of Human Rights

Suspension of Guarantees